Nam June Paik
Nam-June Paik has been a central figure in avant-garde art throughout his career, and his innovative work in the fields of video art, performance art, installation art, satellite transmission, painting and music composition has had a profound influence on contemporary art.
He studied philosophy, history and music in Tokyo, moving to Germany to study music theory at the University in Munich and the Freiburg conservatory, where he discovered electronic music and met the composer Karlheinz Stockhausen, who became one of his major teachers.
Paik's first solo exhibition, in Wuppertal, Germany in 1963, introduced his "adapted" television sets and launched a new era in 20th century art. His work incorporating art and technology soon made him a major international artist.
Paik's installation "Electronic Super Highway" received the prize for best pavillion. Another recent monumental work, "Megatron," a video wall of more than 200 monitors, was shown in 1997 at the Guggenheim Museum-Soho in New York.